Though not the biggest machine on the job site, backhoes are definitely one of the very most common. Used for everything from professional and residential building to light landscaping projects, backhoes have become a fairly easy way to slice the time and costs associated with many earth-moving careers. They are generally considered an attachment, frequently sold as an add-on for multipurpose heavy equipment. But backhoes are also sold as an entire product, typically including both the case backhoe parts on the trunk and a loader on leading.
Their popularity is reflected in the continuing development of the technology they include, including features that boost efficiency while simultaneously cutting how big is the look. Leading manufacturers including Circumstance, Deere, Caterpillar, JCB, Komatsu, and New Holland currently produce backhoe loaders for the international market, often focusing on specific industries and uses such as mining, excavation, demolition, and road building.
This purchasing guide covers the trends, popular specs, types, and attachments commonly entirely on backhoes, enabling you to narrow down the type and size you will need. But with so many choices available, it’s necessary to first focus your attention on the dealer. The dealer you choose will be in charge of providing both the primary consultation on the purchase, guaranteeing you find the right degree of vitality for your job, and then back that purchase with all the necessary post-sale support.
When comparing backhoe dealers, focus on the following characteristics:
Post-sale service and maintenance are often the two major components that ensure the long-term ROI of your purchase. Provided immediately through the dealer, backhoe loader support is one of the most important factors used to judge the potential of a dealer. Specifically, pay attention to the following:
Range of professional service technicians available (whether in-house or sub-contracted)
Name-brand parts (both on-hand and delivered)
First-call fix rate and turnaround
The above concerns allow you to look beyond the dealer’s service rate and get a precise estimate of the specific costs that will affect you during downtime. Why isn’t the service rate important? Each backhoe will be utilized differently as well as for a number of purposes. While one machine may be used to demo old buildings for new structure, another may simply dig trenches. The difference operating required on these two machines will be substantial. If a dealer has more of 1 type of customer than another, the service rate may not affect your situation.
Maintenance and the service level contract (SLA)
Like any little bit of heavy equipment, backhoes require regular maintenance to keep operating efficiently and avoid downtime. These service aspects, including labor and parts as well as fees associated with regular maintenance, are specific line by range in something level contract (SLA). An SLA is another way a dealer can help you save thousands of dollars in the life expectancy of your machine. Specifically, it locks in the costs associated with future services and allows you to budget the expenses well in advance.
But not every SLA would be the same. When assessing an SLA for a backhoe, pay particular focus on the next line-items:
Locality: Ideally, the better the better, giving preference to traders or at least sub-contracted technicians within 50 miles of where you are.
Name-brand parts: Mentioned briefly above, the precise parts covered during maintenance and repairs should be posted, including any substitutions in case a primary option is on prolonged back order.
Service frequency: Includes all costs resulting from labor and parts, scheduled maintenance (basic), scheduled maintenance (full, including all operating systems), and comprehensive service (covering from leading to the trunk).
Customer support: Includes the volumes to call and option of staff after-hours. 24/7 is ideal, however, not always the truth (weekends, holidays). So be sure to get a response-time promise as part of your SLA.
Warrantee: Guarantees workmanship on parts and labor.
Operational and safety training: Some dealers provide classes that train possible operators on both functions of the backhoe and necessary safety procedures, a very important service given all of the job site requirements.
From vehicles to heavy construction equipment, most machines are judged by their horse power productivity. But that isn’t the only real consideration when you compare backhoe models, and far from the most important. The real power of an backhoe often is based on its attachments and their features – digging, lifting, and hauling specifically. These accessories aren’t driven by the engine unit but rather the hydraulic system and for that reason must be looked at independently of horse power.
Be familiar with the horse power when buying a backhoe, but pay a lot more attention to the next five criteria:
- Max digging depth
Among the key technical things to consider when buying a fresh or used backhoe loader is how deep it will dig compared to the opportunity of your project. Generally, backhoes range between models capable of digging only 7 feet deep to those with the capacity of digging 60 feet comprehensive. However, most popular models offer between a 14-foot and 17-foot digging capacity.
Full-sized machines between 15 feet to 16 feet long are usually capable of reaching to at least 14 feet. Small models, like the 14-foot variety, may only dig 8 to 10 feet. Very good better to operate in firm spots plus more cost-effective than much larger models, smaller backhoes provides substantial savings, so long as their digging depth is at range.
- Backhoe bucket width
The bucket width of an backhoe is another aspect that has a major effect on productivity. Widths range between 12 and 60 ins wide. In this particular range, you will probably find hauling capacities of 2.5 ft3 to 20.25 ft3 and weight capacities from 250 to 670 lbs. In addition to the backhoe itself, the device may use accessories which include hammers, crushers, and a number of buckets.
- Loader bucket width
The front end loader or loader bucket is the “front” of a backhoe and most such as a bulldozer. Like the “again” side, it accepts quick-coupler parts which include forks, grapples, and snowplow blades. It is mostly used for hauling building materials or refuse and needs one of three different buckets:
Side-dump: Designed generally for launching and dumping as well as backside fill applications, area dump buckets permit the backhoe operator to clear the bucket forward or even to the still left. This design makes them valued in restrictive spaces like small alleys or corridors. They are typically with the capacity of hauling 1 to at least one 1.25 cubic yards of material, measure 99 to 107 inches wide, and offer weight capacities from 1,890 to 2,060 lbs.
- Operating weight
The last technical aspect, but definitely not minimal, is operating weight. The weight of the device may or may well not be a factor on your task site. It’ll largely depend on the functioning environment where the machine will be utilized – dirt and grime verses paved asphalt or manicured grounds for example. In general, the operating weight for a backhoe amounts from 13,000 to 24,000 lbs, with the lighter end of the spectrum reserved for those desiring the lightest footprint possible.
- Emission rating
Backhoe manufacturers must provide IC engines that adhere to state and national emissions regulations, specifically EPA Tier 1 through Tier 3. These regulations are currently in effect, with the tighter Tier 4 hydrocarbon (HC) limits being presented throughout 2015. Regulated machinery includes tractors, excavators, bulldozers, logging equipment, lightweight generators, and of course backhoe loaders.